The spring of arab
The Graduate Institute, Geneva. This chapter offers reflections on the Arab uprisings grouped under four headings: 1 the entrenchment of autocracy in the region, 2 the unravelling of autocracy, 3 the uncertainty of the transition process, and 4 the challenges of sustaining democratic transitions. Youth unemployment rising to very high levels and the persistence of deep economic inequality were important factors contributing to the uprisings. They were also reinforced by long frustrated aspirations for greater freedom and political participation on the part of social groups that have felt largely excluded from the benefits of economic development. As of late the outcome of the uprisings remains highly uncertain especially with the rise to power of strictly fundamentalist groups and the ensuing armed conflicts that have come in their wake. Transition experiences point to two fundamental challenges facing the consolidation of democratic transitions: firstly that the political victors be able to move in the direction of establishing genuinely representative and accountable political institutions.
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The end of spring? Democratic transitions in the Arab world
Home - Arab Spring: A Research & Study Guide * الربيع العربي - LibGuides at Cornell University
Did the Bahraini government collude with al-Qaeda members to target Shia opposition figures during the unrest? Meeting in Tunisia's capital comes against backdrop of divisions, wars and, in some countries, increasing repression. An investigation into the behind-the-scenes turmoil during the final days of Mohamed Morsi's presidency. Banned group urges opponents of President Sisi to free Egypt from military control and release political prisoners. Tunisia 14 Jan GMT. Economic malaise that sparked the revolution continues on the anniversary of the Arab Spring's beginning. President Omar al-Bashir says protesters demanding an end to his year rule are 'traitors'.
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Arab Spring: A Research & Study Guide * الربيع العربي: Home
All rights reserved. Egyptians celebrate the news of the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, who handed control of the country to the military. Beginning in December , anti-government protests rocked Tunisia. By early they had spread into what became known as the Arab Spring—a wave of protests, uprisings, and unrest that spread across Arabic-speaking countries in North Africa and the Middle East. Pro-democratic protests, which spread rapidly due to social media , ended up toppling the governments of Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, and Yemen.
Back in the Arab world appeared to be set on an unstoppable course towards democratization. Hopes for a new era of stable and democratic rule were high as mass protest movements led to the end of longstanding authoritarian regimes. However, these hopes quickly foundered as transition processes faltered, authoritarian forces doubled down, and conflict sprang up in the ensuing power vacuum in parts of the region. Popular enthusiasm for democracy weakened as the need to restore or maintain stability in the face of regional conflicts took precedence over transition processes that had often failed to deliver on expectations of better living standards and more representative government. Current conditions in much of the rest of the region would indicate that the brief window of opportunity for democratization has firmly shut.
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